UN’s International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in a strong call, has urged governments to increase their investments in rural women.
President of IFAD, Gilbert F. Houngbo said, “It is unacceptable that rural women, who play such a vital role in growing our food and building thriving economies, are at greatest risk during the pandemic. Our global resilience depends on governments paying greater attention to the disproportionate socio-economic impacts on rural women and stepping up their investments to protect them.”
Houngbo further said, “Rural women – the people who have the greatest responsibility for feeding and raising the next generation – have been neglected through this crisis. It is time to elevate the important contribution they make to their families, communities and the economies of their nations, and ensure that they are supported and protected through this unprecedented time.”
There are approximately 1.7 billion women and girls living in rural areas, representing more than one-fifth of all humanity. Rural women make up 43 per cent of the agricultural work force in developing countries, and are responsible for much of the world’s food production. However they have less access than men to technologies, markets, financial assets and agricultural resources, making them far more vulnerable to the impacts of COVID-19.
Restrictions on movement have limited the ability of rural producers to grow and sell their produce. Rural women, who are often employed informally with no social protection, have faced higher job loss than men, whilst also experiencing an increase in unpaid domestic workloads including caring for sick family members and children not in school.
While much progress has been made in the 25 years since the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action which provided a framework for addressing women’s empowerment, achieving gender equality in rural areas has been challenging. Women aged 25-34 are still 25 percent more likely than men to live in extreme poverty.