In the context of global celebrations for World Oceans Day, UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission announced the first actions endorsed as part of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development, 2021-2030, Ocean Decade.
Led by diverse partners from science, government, civil society, United Nations agencies, the private sector, philanthropy and international organizations, these flagship Ocean Decade Actions are characterized by their wide geographical reach.
Subject to a competitive selection process among hundreds of applications, the endorsed Actions were selected for their focus on solutions and their ability to accelerate the generation and uptake of ocean knowledge for sustainable development; for their use of innovative technology; their transdisciplinary efforts to co-design solutions between scientists and users of ocean knowledge; and their respect for inclusivity, empowering women, early-career professionals and indigenous knowledge holders .
The thematic diversity of the endorsed Actions is reflected in initiatives to expand deep sea research and exploration of the little-known twilight zone of the ocean (from 200 to 1000m); develop knowledge and solutions to reduce multiple pressures on marine ecosystems including from climate change, biodiversity loss, underwater noise or pollution; use of innovative technology to collect data on the state of the ocean and apply that data to decisions about its management and improve fish stocks’ sustainable management and resilience.
The cultural value of the ocean is a cross cutting theme across many of the Decade Actions with specific initiatives to improve ocean literacy worldwide, and a specific workstream to unlock ocean knowledge and benefits for Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDS). A range of other endorsed Ocean Decade Actions aims to ensure that no one is left behind over the next ten years with initiatives that boost inclusivity in ocean science around genders, generations and geographies.
Periodic Calls for Actions will offer partners across the globe plenty of opportunities to develop or support new programmes and become a part of the Ocean Decade’s knowledge revolution.
More than 25 national committees have been established in Europe, North America, Asia, Africa and Latin America since January this year to support the Decade and translate its objective at the local and national scales.
A Decade Alliance to boost financial support for ocean science programmes has been established with the participation of Heads of States from Norway, Monaco, Portugal, and Kenya, and will also include leaders from philanthropy and ocean industries.
Contributing to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Ocean Decade recognizes the need to transform the way we develop and use ocean knowledge to enhance the ocean’s role as a vehicle for sustainable and equitable economic growth.
About the Ocean Decade:
Proclaimed in 2017 by the United Nations General Assembly, the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) seeks to stimulate ocean science and knowledge generation to reverse the decline of the state of the ocean system and catalyze new opportunities for sustainable development of this massive marine ecosystem.
The vision of the Ocean Decade is ‘the science we need for the ocean we want’. The Ocean Decade provides a convening framework for scientists and stakeholders from diverse sectors to develop the scientific knowledge and the partnerships needed to accelerate and harness advances in ocean science to achieve a better understanding of the ocean system, and deliver science-based solutions to achieve the 2030 Agenda.
The UN General Assembly mandated UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) to coordinate the preparations and implementation of the Decade.