The United Nations is seeking $107 million to support life-saving humanitarian operations in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), where more than 10 million people remain in need.
The strategic objectives of the 2020 Needs and Priorities plan were developed in complementarity with the Strategic Framework for Cooperation between the United Nations and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (2017-2021) identifying four strategic priorities, which the UN seeks to address at the country level, working in support of the Government programmes, namely: 1. Food and Nutrition Security, 2. Social Development Services, 3. Resilience and Sustainability and, 4. Data and Development Management.
The response plan reflects the HCT’s current operational environment, although agencies’ capacity to reach those identified in the plan with a full package of assistance will remain contingent on adequate and timely funding which has not been the trend over the last decade. The UN agencies and INGOs will continue to rigorously monitor humanitarian activities and programmes. In 2019, 1,516 project site visits were conducted over 1,047 monitoring days by humanitarian organizations, covering all provinces in the country.
To ensure adequate capacity to monitor the implementation of the 2020 Needs and Priorities plan, the Humanitarian Country Team established the Results Working Group (RWG). The RWG is developing a monitoring framework to be put into implementation in early 2020.
There are acute food, nutrition, health, water and sanitation needs, but funding levels for humanitarian operations in DPRK remain historically low. This year, humanitarian assistance programmes aim to reach 5.5 million people, with a focus on children and mothers.
Last year, the humanitarian appeal was only 27 per cent funded, at $32 million. As a result, only 2.5 million of the 3.8 million people initially targeted for assistance received aid.
Within the limitations of the low level of funding in 2019, humanitarian actors reached 750,000 people with nutritious food, and provided treatment to more than 41,000 acutely malnourished children under age 5 and safe drinking water to more than 138,000 people.